What are the Five Competencies for Social and Emotional Learning?

Education Technology Insights | Tuesday, June 07, 2022

Social and emotional learning helps children understand their emotions, feel them fully, and show empathy for others.

FREMONT, CA: Today, in an ever-diversifying world, the classroom is where kids are frequently exposed for the first time to individuals from a variety of diverse backgrounds with varying beliefs and distinctive abilities. Social and emotional learning (SEL) attempts to help students—both children and adults—better understand their ideas and feelings, become more self-aware, and cultivate greater empathy for others in their society and the globe.

By cultivating these characteristics in the classroom, children can become better, more productive, self-aware, and socially-aware citizens in the years to come. Learn more about the significance and benefits of social and emotional learning inside and beyond the classroom.

SEL is an approach that aids students of all ages in better understanding their emotions, experiencing them to their fullest extent, and demonstrating empathy for others. These behaviors are then utilized to help students make constructive, responsible decisions, establish frameworks for attaining their goals, and develop positive relationships with others.

According to the Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning (CASEL), an organization dedicated to helping PreK-12 children achieve positive results, SEL comprises five key abilities that can be utilized in the classroom, at home, and in students' communities. These are the five core competencies:

• Self-awareness entails recognizing emotions and how they influence conduct and recognizing talents and limitations to increase self-confidence.

• Self-management entails taking charge and responsibility for one's ideas, emotions, and behaviors in various settings, as well as defining and pursuing goals.

• Social awareness entails the capacity to place oneself in the position of someone from a different background or culture than one's own. Within one's home, school, and community, exhibit empathetic and ethical behavior.

• Relationship skills entail the capacity to establish and sustain healthy connections with individuals from various backgrounds. This ability focuses on listening to and communicating with others, resolving conflicts calmly, and understanding when to seek or offer assistance.

• Making responsible decisions entails deciding how to act or react in a given circumstance based on acquired habits such as ethics, safety, assessing repercussions, and the well-being of oneself and others.

SEL is advantageous for both children and adults since it boosts self-awareness, academic achievement, and positive behaviors within and outside the classroom.

Students engaged in SEL programs exhibited an 11 percentile rise in their overall grade point average and improved attendance. On a more individual level, it has been demonstrated that the abilities acquired through an SEL program help pupils better manage emotional stress, solve issues, and resist peer temptation to participate in risky behaviors.

When educators can determine which students do not have a firm grip on the foundations of SEL, they can work with these students more effectively at a young age to help them acquire greater self-control, empathy, and other good traits. These kids can develop the "soft skills" necessary for many vocations, such as teamwork, the ability to comprehend others, and problem-solving, by learning good behaviors that extend beyond academic performance. This can help these students succeed throughout their academic careers and beyond.

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